Was “The Original Intent”

Copyright © 2013 by Michael A. Shea - All Rights Reserved

 Whose Divine Hand Was behind the Establishment of the United States of America and our Founding Documents.

Terms

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"Resistance to tyranny becomes the Christian and social duty of each individual.  … Continue steadfast and, with a proper sense of your dependence on God, nobly defend those rights which heaven gave, and no man ought to take from us."

— Massachusetts Provincial Congress, Resolution October 6, 1774

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“They cherish a  great hope inward zeal they had of laying some good foundation, or at least make some way thereunto, for the propagating and advancing the gospel of the kingdom of Christ in those remote parts of the world; yea, though they should be but even as steppingstones unto others for the performing of so great a work.”

— William Bradford (1590–1657) Governor of Plymouth Colony  


“A people may be deceived, they may be betrayed by men in whom they put their confidence. But they deserve to be abandoned by providence if they trust their interest with men whom they know to be either weak or wicked.”

— Rev. Andrew Elliot (1718-1778) Pastor at the North Church Boston (One if by land, and two if by sea)


“If ever time should come, when vain and aspiring men shall possess the highest seats in government, our country will stand in need of its experienced patriots to prevent its ruin. There may be more danger of this, than some, even of our well disposed citizens may imagine. If people should grant their suffrages to men, only because they conceive them to have been friends to the country, without regards to necessary qualifications for the places they are to fill, the administration of government will become a mere farce, and our public affairs will never be put on the footing of solid security. We should inquire into the tempers of men, in order to form a judgment in what manner the public trust to be reposed in them will be executed. …Power is intoxicating; and men legally vested with it, too often discover a disposition to make an ill use of it and and unwillingness to part with it. …. … I hope our countrymen will always keep a watchful eye over the public conduct of those whom they exalt to power, making the same time every allowance for the imperfections of human nature; I pray to God we may never see men filling the scared seats of government, who are either wanting in adequate abilities, or influenced by any views motives or feelings separate from the public welfare.”

— Samuel Adams (1722–1803) Father of the American Revolution, Patriot and Statesman


“I sat next to John Adams in Congress, and upon my whispering to him and asking him if he thought we should succeed in our struggle with Great Britain, he answered me, ‘Yes—if we fear God and repent of our sins.’” (The reason Dr. Benjamin Rush said he wrote the book of anecdotes was “To prevent my children being deceived by the histories of this day.”)

— Benjamin Rush (1745-1813) Founding Father& signer of the Declaration of Independence

 

"Resistance to tyranny becomes the Christian and social duty of each individual.  … Continue steadfast and, with a proper sense of your dependence on God, nobly defend those rights which heaven gave, and no man ought to take from us."

— Massachusetts Provincial Congress, Resolution October 6, 1774


“It is impossible for the man of pious reflection not to perceive in it [The Constitution] a finger of that almighty hand which has been so frequently and signally extended to our relief in the critical stages of the revolution.”

— James Madison (1751-1836) Father of the Constitution, 4th President of the United States


“It is easy to see that when republican virtue fails, slavery ensues.”

— Thomas Paine (1736-1809) Patriot, Author & Pamphleteer


“God grant that not only the love of liberty but a thorough knowledge of the rights of man may pervade all the nations of the earth, so that a philosopher may set his foot anywhere on its surface and say: ‘This is my country.’”

— Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, Scientist, Inventor, Printer and Philosopher

 

“A patriot without religion in my estimation is as great a paradox as an honest Man without the fear of God. Is it possible that he whom no moral obligations binds, can have any real Good Will towards Men? Can he be a patriot who, by an openly vicious conduct, is undermining the very bonds of Society? ... The Scriptures tell us “righteousness exalteth a Nation.”

— Abigail Adams (1744-1818) Wife of John Adams, Mother & Patriot  


 “Were my soul trembling on the wing of eternity, were this hand freezing to death, were my voice choking with the last struggle, I would still, with the last gasp of that voice, implore you to remember the truth: God has given America to be free.”

— Patrick Henry (1736-1799) Patriot, Lawyer and Orator


“Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God.”

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


"There is not a truth existing which I fear or would wish unknown to the whole world."

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


“We are fighting for the dignity and happiness of human nature. Glorious it is for the Americans to be called by Providence to this post of honour. Cursed and detested will everyone be that deserts or betrays it.”

— Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, Scientist, Inventor, Printer and Philosopher


“A freeborn people are not required by the religion of Jesus Christ to submit to tyranny, but may make use of such power as God has given them to recover and support their laws and liberties." (after the Boston Tea Party)

— Samuel Adams (1722–1803) Father of the American Revolution, Patriot and Statesman


“There are instances of, I would say, an almost astonishing Providence in our favor; our success has staggered our enemies, and almost given faith to infidels; so that we may truly say it is not our own arm which has saved us. The hand of heaven appears to have led us on to be, perhaps, humble instruments and means in the great providential dispensation which is completing.”

— Samuel Adams (1722–1803) Father of the American Revolution, Patriot and Statesman


“To a man of liberal education, the study of history is not only useful, and important, but altogether indispensable, and with regard to the history contained in the Bible, the observation which Cicero makes respecting that of his own country is much more emphatically applicable, that ‘it is not so much praiseworthy to be acquainted with as it is shameful to be ignorant of it.’”

— John Quincy Adams, (1767-1848)  6th President of the United States


"It would be a dangerous delusion were a confidence in the men of our choice to silence our fears for the safety of our rights; that confidence is everywhere the parent of despotism; free government is founded in jealousy, and not in confidence; it is jealousy and not confidence which prescribes limited constitutions to bind down those whom we are obliged to trust with powe; that our Constitution has accordingly fixed the limits to which, and no further, our confidence may go ... In questions of power, then let no more be said of confidence in man, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution."

— Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Third President of the United States


“When people are universally ignorant, and debauched in their manners, they will sink under their own weight without the aid of foreign Invaders.”

— Samuel Adams (1722–1803) Father of the American Revolution, Patriot and Statesman


“The republican is the only form of government which is not eternally at open or secret war with the rights of mankind…”

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


“People and nations are forged in the fires of adversity.”

— John Adams (1797-1801) Second President of the United States and Patriot


"We have this day restored the Sovereign to whom alone men ought to be obedient. He reigns in Heaven, and with a propitious eye beholds his subjects assuming that freedom of thought and dignity of self-direction which He bestowed on them. From the rising to the setting sun, may His kingdom come!"

— Samuel Adams (1722–1803) Father of the American Revolution, Patriot and Statesman


"By these great qualities, and their benign effects, has Providence marked out the Head of this Nation, with a hand so distinctly visible, as to have been seen by all men, and mistaken by none."

— John Adams (1797-1801) Second President of the United States and Patriot


“I shall need the favor of that Being in whose hands we are, Who led our forefathers, as Israel of old, from their native land, and planted them in a country flowing with all the necessaries and comforts of life; Who has covered our infancy with His providence, and our riper years with His wisdom and power; and to whose goodness I ask you to join with me in supplications, that He will so enlighten the minds of your servants, guide their councils, and prosper their measures, that whatsoever they do shall result in your good, and shall secure to you the peace, friendship, and approbation of all nations.”

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


“The falsification of history has done more to impede human development than any one thing known to mankind.”

— Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778), French Political Philosopher and Educationalist


“There is danger from all men. The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endanger the public liberty.”

— John Adams (1797-1801) Second President of the United States and Patriot

“Only a virtuous people are capable of freedom. As nations become more corrupt and vicious, they have more need of masters.”

— Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, Scientist, Inventor, Printer and Philosopher


"Moral evils constitute or produce most of the miseries of mankind and these may be prevented or avoided. Be it remembered then that disobedience to God's law, or sin is the procuring cause of almost all the sufferings of mankind. God has so formed the moral system of this world, that a conformity to His will by men produces peace, prosperity and happiness; and disobedience to His will or laws inevitably produces misery. If men are wretched, it is because they reject the government of God, and seek temporary good in that which certainly produces evil."

— Noah Webster (1758-1843)  Father of the Dictionary & American Patriot


“Unless we put medical freedom into the Constitution, the time will come when medicine will organize into an undercover dictatorship ... To restrict the art of healing to one class of men and deny equal privileges to others will constitute the Bastille of medical science. All such laws are un-American and despotic and have no place in a republic ... The Constitution of this republic should make special privilege for medical freedom as well as religious freedom.”

— Benjamin Rush (1745-1813) Founding Father& signer of the Declaration of Independence


“The propitious smiles of Heaven can never be expected on a nation that disregards the eternal rules of order and right [God’s Law] which Heaven itself has ordained; and since the preservation of the sacred fire of liberty and the destiny of the republican model of government are justly considered, perhaps, as deeply, as finally, staked on the experiment entrusted to the hands of the American people."

— George Washington (1732-1799) Father of the Country, 1st President of the United States


"I order you instantly to surrender." "By what authority do you demand it?" said Capt. Delaplace “In the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress!”

— Ethan Allen (1738-1789)  Patriot, farmer, businessman, writer, leader of the Green Mountain Boys


"Our cause is noble; it is the cause of mankind!"

— George Washington (1732-1799) Father of the Country, 1st President of the United States


Judge John Jay’s Charge [words of wisdom to future generations]

“A revolution which, in the whole course of its rise and progress, is distinguished by so many marks of Divine favor and interposition, that no doubt can remain of its being finally accomplished. It was begun, and has been supported, in a manner so singular, and I say miraculous, that when future ages shall read its history, they will be tempted to consider great part of it fabulous. …But, however incredible these things may in the future appear, we know them to be true, and we should always remember, that the many remarkable and unexpected means and events, by which our wants have been supplied, and our enemies repelled or restrained, are such strong and striking proofs of the interposition of heaven, that our having hitherto delivered from the threatened bondage of Britain, ought, like the emancipation of the Jews from Egyptian servitude, and to be forever ascribed to its true cause, and instead of swelling our breasts with arrogant ideas of our prowess and importances, kindle in them a flame of gratitude and piety, which may consume all remains of vice and irreligion [want of religion, or contempt of it; impiety]. Blessed be to God! …


The Americans are the first people whom heaven has favored with an opportunity of deliberating upon, and choosing the forms of government under which they should live; —all other constitutions have derived their existence from violence or accidental circumstances, ...Your life, your liberties, your property, will be at the disposal of your Creator and yourselves. You will know no power but such as you will create; no authority unless derived from your grant; no laws, but such as acquired all their obligations from your consent. ...Adequate security is also given to the rights of conscience and private judgment. They are, by nature, subject to no control but that of the Deity and in that free situation they are now left. Every man is permitted to consider, to adore and to worship his creator in the manner most agreeable to his conscience. No opinions are dictated; no rules of faith prescribed; no preference given to one sect [of Christianity over] to the prejudice of others.


The constitution, however, has wisely declared, that the “liberty of conscience thereby granted shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of the State.” In a word, the convention by whom that constitution was formed were of opinion that the gospel of Christ, like the ark of God, would not fall, though unsupported by the arm of flesh; and happy would it be for mankind if that opinion prevailed more generally. ...from the people it must receive its spirit, and by them be quickened, Let virtue, honor, the love of liberty and of science be, and remain, the soul of this constitution, and it will become the source of great and extensive happiness to this and future generations. Vice, ignorance, and want of vigilance, will be the only enemies able to destroy it. Against these provide, and, of these, be forever jealous. Every member of the state, ought diligently to read and study the constitution of his country, and teach the rising generation to be free. By knowing their rights [God given], they [you the voter] will sooner perceive when they are violated, and be the better prepared to defend and assert them.”

— John Jay (1745-1829), Founding Father, Patriot, Statesman and First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court


"The Gospel of Jesus Christ prescribes the wisest rules for just conduct in every situation of life. Happy they who are enabled to obey them in all situations!"

— Benjamin Rush (1745-1813) Founding Father& signer of the Declaration of Independence


“Our country is in danger, but not to be despaired of. Our enemies are numerous and powerful; but we have many friends, determining to be free, and heaven and earth will aid the resolution. On you depend the fortunes of America. You are to decide the important question, on which rest the happiness and liberty of millions yet unborn. Act worthy of yourselves.”

— Joseph Warren (1741-1775) Doctor, General and Patriot (Sent Paul Revere & William Dawes on their ride, fought the British as they headed back to Boston after Lexington and Concord  and died at the battle of Bunker Hill.)


“The general principles on which the fathers achieved independence were the general principles of Christianity. I will avow that I then believed, and now believe, that those general principles of Christianity are as eternal and immutable as the existence and attributes of God.”

— John Adams (1797-1801) Second President of the United States and Patriot


“No nation has ever existed or been governed without religion. Nor can be. The Christian religion is the best religion that has been given to man and I, as Chief Magistrate of this nation, am bound to give it the sanction of my example.”

— Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Third President of the United States


"No country upon earth ever had it more in its power to attain these blessings than United America. Wondrously strange, then, and much to be regretted indeed would it be, were we to neglect the means and to depart from the road which Providence has pointed us to so plainly; I cannot believe it will ever come to pass."

— George Washington (1732-1799) Father of the Country, 1st President of the United States


"With equal pleasure I have as often taken notice that Providence has been pleased to give this one connected country to one united people  … This country and this people seem to have been made for each other, and it appears as if it was the design of Providence, that an inheritance so proper and convenient for a band of brethren, united to each other by the strongest ties, should never be split into a number of unsocial, jealous, and alien sovereignties."

— John Jay (1745-1829), Founding Father, Patriot, Statesman and First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court


“There is not a truth to be gathered from history, more certain, or more momentous, than this: that civil liberty cannot long be separated from religious liberty without the destruction of both. Wherever religious liberty exists, it will, first or last, bring in and establish political liberty.”

— Joseph Story (1779-1845) Lawyer, Supreme Court Justice & influential commentator on the U.S. Constitution


“If men are so wicked with religion, what would they be if without it.”

— Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, Scientist, Inventor, Printer and Philosopher


“There is no such thing as human wisdom; all is the providence of God.”

— John Adams (1797-1801) Second President of the United States and Patriot


"While we are zealously performing the duties of good Citizens and soldiers, we certainly ought not to be inattentive to the higher duties of Religion. To the distinguished Character of Patriot, it should be our highest Glory to add the more distinguished Character of Christian."

— George Washington (1732-1799) Father of the Country, 1st President of the United States

“Man will ultimately be governed by God or by tyrants.”

— Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, Scientist, Inventor, Printer and Philosopher


"I enter on the trust to which I have been called by the suffrage of my fellow-citizens with my fervent prayers to the Almighty that He will be graciously pleased to continue to us that protect which He has already so conspicuously displayed in our favor."

— James Monroe (1758-1831) Fifth President of the United States


“Duty is ours; results are God’s.”

— John Quincy Adams, (1767-1848)  6th President of the United States


"All of us who were engaged in the struggle must have observed frequent instances of superintending providence in our favor. ... Have we now forgotten that powerful Friend? Or do we imagine that we no longer need His assistance? I have lived, Sir, a long time, and the longer I live, the more convincing proofs I see of this truth—that God governs in the affairs of men. And if a sparrow cannot fall to the Ground without His notice, is it probable that an Empire can rise without his Aid?"

— Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, Scientist, Inventor, Printer and Philosopher


“Posterity: you will never know how much it has cost my generation to preserve your freedom. I hope you will make good use of it. If you do not, I shall repent in Heaven that I ever took have the pains to preserve it.”

— John Quincy Adams, (1767-1848)  6th President of the United States


“A primary object ... should be the education of our youth in the science of government. In a republic what species of knowledge can be equally important? And what duty more pressing ...  than communicating it to those who are to be the future guardians of the liberties of the country?”

— George Washington (1732-1799) Father of the Country, 1st President of the United States


"How wonderful the revolutions, the events of Providence! … God be thanked, we have lived to see peace restored to this bleeding land, at least a general cessation of hostilities among the belligerent powers.   And on this occasion does it not become us to reflect how wonderful, how gracious, how glorious has been the good hand of our God upon us, in carrying us through so tremendous a warfare!


We have sustained a force brought against us which might have made any empire on earth to tremble; and yet our bow has abode in strength, and, having obtained help of God, we continue unto this day. …

Heaven inspired us with resolution to cut the gordian knot, when the die was cast irrevocable in the glorious act of Independence.  This was sealed and confirmed by God Almighty in the victory of General Washington at Trenton, and in the surprising movement and battle of Princeton, by which astonishing effort of generalship General Howe and the whole British army, in elated confidence and in open-mouthed march for Philadelphia, was instantly stopped, remanded back, and cooped up for a shivering winter in the little borough of Brunswick.  …


Thus God "turned the battle to the gate," and this gave a finishing to the foundation of the American Republic.   This, with the Burgoynade at Saratoga by General Gates, and the glorious victory over the Earl of Cornwallis in Virginia, together with the memorable victory of Entaw Springs, and the triumphant recovery of the southern states by General Greene, are among the most heroic acts and brilliant achievements which have decided the fate of America.   And who does not see the indubitable interposition and energetic influence of Divine Providence in these great and illustrious events?”

— Ezra Stiles (1727– 1795) Minister, Theologian, Author and President of Yale College


"Providence marked out the head of this Nation (George Washington), with a hand so distinctly visible as to have been seen by all men, and mistaken by none."

— John Adams (1797-1801) Second President of the United States and Patriot


"My confidence will under every difficulty be best placed ... in the guardianship and guidance of that Almighty Being whose power regulates the destiny of nations, whose blessings have been so conspicuously dispensed to this rising Republic, and to whom we are bound to address our devout gratitude for the past, as well as our fervent supplications and best hopes for the future."

— James Madison (1751-1836) Father of the Constitution, 4th President of the United States


"The belief in a God All Powerful wise and good, is so essential to the moral order of the World and to the happiness of man, that arguments which enforce it cannot be drawn from too many sources nor adapted with too much solicitude to the different characters and capacities to be impressed with it."

James Madison (1751-1836) Father of the Constitution, 4th President of the United States


"I often note with equal pleasure that God gave this one connected country to one united people - a people descended from the same language, professing the same religion, attached to the same principles of government, very similar in manners and customs, who by their joint counsels, arms, and efforts, fighting side by side through a long bloody war, have nobly established general liberty and independence."

John Jay (1745-1829), Founding Father, Patriot, Statesman and First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court


“The position of the Americans is therefore quite exceptional, and it may be believed that no democratic people will ever be placed in a similar one. …All men have aided it by their exertions, both those who have intentionally labored in its cause (establishment of the Republic) and those who have served it unwittingly; those who have fought for it and even those who have declared themselves its opponents have all been driven along in the same direction, have all labored to one end; some unknowingly and some despite themselves, all have been blind instruments in the hands of God. …“The whole book (Democracy in America - 1835) that is here offered to the public has been written under the influence of a kind of religious awe produced in the author's mind by the view of that irresistible revolution which has advanced for centuries in spite of every obstacle and which is still advancing in the midst of the ruins it has caused.”

— Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) French Author


"In the United States the sovereign authority is religious ... There is no country in the whole world where the Christian religion retains a greater influence over the souls of men than in America,and there can be no greater proof of its utility and of its conformity to human nature than that its influence is powerfully felt over the most enlightened and free nation of the earth."

— Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) French Author


“By gnawing through a dyke, even a rat may drown a nation.”

— Edmund Burke (1729-1797) British Statesman, Lawyer, Writer, and Philosopher


“It has been often remarked that the people of the United States come nearer to a parallel with Ancient Israel, than any other nation upon the globe. Hence ‘Our American Israel’ is a term frequently used; and our common consent allows it apt and proper.”

Abiel Abbot (1770–1828) Graduate from Harvard Divinity School, Clergyman (Thanksgiving Sermon, 1799)


"The belief in a God All Powerful wise and good, is so essential to the moral order of the world and to the happiness of man, that arguments which enforce it cannot be drawn from too many sources nor adapted with too much solicitude to the different characters and capacities impressed with it."

— James Madison (1751-1836) Father of the Constitution, 4th President of the United State


“The primary objects of government are the peace, order, and prosperity of society.”

— Oliver Ellsworth (1745–1807) Lawyer, Constitutional Convention and Supreme Court


“The American war is over; but this far from being the case with the American revolution. On the contrary, nothing but the first act of the drama is closed. It remains yet to establish and perfect our new forms of government, and to prepare the principles, morals, and manners of our citizens for these forms of government after they are established and brought to perfection.”

— Benjamin Rush (1745-1813) Founding Father& signer of the Declaration of Independence


“Divine Providence exalts or depresses states and kingdoms. Not by the blind dictates of arbitrary will.  Not by a tyrannous and despotic mandate. But in proportion to their obedience or disobedience of his just and holy laws. It is he who commands us that we abstain from wrong.”

Gouverneur Morris (1752-1816) Statesman, Diplomat, writer of the final draft of the Constitution


"STAND FAST" (July 7, 1775, in the Continental Congress)


"Stand Fast" by a strong faith and dependence upon Jesus Christ, the great Captain of your salvation. Enlist under the banner of His cross. And let this motto be written upon your hearts, IN HOC SIGNO VINCES, "UNDER THIS STANDARD THOU SHALT OVERCOME."


"Stand Fast" by a virtuous and unshaken unanimity. Of such an unanimity, you have a most striking example now before your eyes – three millions of people, or a vast majority of them, bound by no other ties than those of honor and public virtue …


"Stand Fast" by an undaunted courage and magnanimity. And here give me leave to remind you, that there is a kind of courage … a courage that will prove you to be good Christians, as well as soldiers, a firm invincible fortitude of soul, founded upon religion, and the glorious hope of a better world …we contend not for victory, but for liberty and peace. … and calling upon you to thank Heaven for his great and gracious interposition. Surely "the Lord of Hosts was with them" – surely "the God of Jacob was their refuge." –––– Drop a pious tear to the memory of the illustrious slain – and let them yet live in the annals of American freedom.


Stand Fast" by a steady constancy and perseverance. Difficulties unlooked for may yet arise, and trials present themselves sufficient to shake the utmost firmness of human fortitude. Be prepared, therefore, for the worst. …


 "Stand Fast" as the guardians of liberty –

― Reverend Jacob Duché (1737–1798) Rector of Christ Church in Philadelphia & first chaplain to the Continental Congress


"All the miseries and evils which men suffer from vice, crime, ambition, injustice, oppression, slavery and war, proceed from their despising or neglecting the precepts contained in the Bible."

— Noah Webster (1758-1843)  Father of the Dictionary & American Patriot


“In a despotic government, the only principle by which the tyrant who is to move the whole machine, means to regulate and manage the people, is fear; by a servile dread of his power. But a free government, which of all others is far the most preferable, cannot be supported without virtue. This virtue is the love of our country. And after all the devices that sound policy or the most refined corruption have, or can suggest; this is the most efficacious principle to hold the different parts of an empire together, and to make men good members of the society to which they belong.”

— Samuel Williams (1743-1817) Pastor in Bradford, Massachusetts & Professor at Harvard College


"Men may devise and adopt new forms of government; they may amend old forms, repair breaches, and punish violators of the constitution; but there is, there can be, no effectual remedy, but obedience to the divine law."

— Noah Webster (1758-1843)  Father of the Dictionary & American Patriot

 

“All the forms of civil polity have been tried by mankind, except one, and that seems to have been reserved in Providence to be realized in America.  Most of the states, of all ages …have been founded in rapacity, usurpation, and injustice; so that in the contests recorded in history …the military history of all nations being but a description of the wars and invasions of the mutual robbers and devastators of the human race.”

— Ezra Stiles (1727– 1795) Minister, Theologian, Author and President of Yale College


“Europe in its present state of political torpor affords no scope for the activity of a benevolent mind. Here [in America] everything is in a plastic state. Here the benefactor of mankind may realize all his schemes for promoting human happiness, Human nature here (unsubdued by the tyranny of European habits and customs) yields to reason, justice, and common sense, Come, sir, and spread the influence of science and religion among us. America seems destined by heaven to exhibit to the world the perfection which the mind of man is capable of receiving from the combined operations of liberty, learning, and the Gospel upon it.”

Benjamin Rush (1745-1813) Founding Father& signer of the Declaration of Independence


“The Supreme Governor of the World rewards or punishes nations and civil communities only in this life…. Political bodies are but the creatures of time. They have no existence as such but in the present State; consequently, are incapable of punishments or rewards in a future. We can conceive no way in which the Divine Being shall therefore manifest the purity of His nature. ... toward such societies but by rewarding or punishing them here, according to their public conduct.”

— Chandler Robbins Sermon before John Hancock and the Massachusetts Legislature in 1791


“Religion and liberty are the meat and the drink of the body politic. Withdraw one of them, and it languishes, consumes, and dies. If indifference to either at any time becomes the prevailing character of a people, one half of their motives to vigorous defense is lost, and the hopes of their enemies are proportionally increased. Here, eminently, they are inseparable. Without religion we may possibly retain the freedom of savages, bears, and wolves; but not the freedom of New-England. If our religion were gone, our state of society would perish with it and nothing would be left which would be worth defending - Our children us course, if not ourselves, would be prepared, as the ox for the slaughter, to become the victims of conquest, tyranny, and atheism.”

— Timothy Dwight - 1752-1817) Congregational Minister and President of Yale College  


“It will be true of them, as it was of the people of the Jews, that in them all the families of the earth shall be blessed. It is scarcely possible they should think too highly of their own consequence. Perhaps, there never existed a people on whose wisdom and virtue more depended; or to whom a station of more importance in the plan of Providence has been assigned. They have fought with success for themselves and for the world; and, in the midst of invasion and carnage, established forms of government favorable in the highest degree to the rights of mankind…


The United States of America may become the seats of liberty, science, peace, and virtue; happy within themselves, and a refuge to the world. … And should this be true. Should the return of peace and the pride of independence lead them to security and dissipation.  Should they lose those virtuous and simple manners by which alone Republics can long subsist.  Should false refinement, luxury, and irreligion spread among them; excessive jealousy district their governments; and clashing interests, subject to no strong control, break the federal union.  The consequence will be, that the fairest experiment ever tried in human affairs will miscarry; and that a Revolution which had revived the hopes of good men and promised an opening to better times, will become a discouragement to all future efforts in favor of liberty, and prove only an opening to a new scene of human degeneracy and misery.”

— Richard Price (1723–1791) English Minister and Theologian


"I have always respected religion; the morality of the Gospel is the noblest gift ever bestowed by God on man.


We shall see that we owe to Christianity, in government, a certain political law, and in war a certain law of nations-benefits which human nature can never sufficiently acknowledge.


The principles of Christianity, deeply engraved on the heart, would be infinitely more powerful than the false honor of monarchies, than the humane virtues of republics, or the servile fear of despotic states."

Barron Charles de Montesquieu (1689-1755) French Political Philosopher &


“It is natural to inquire what were the sources of the good that we enjoy or the evil that we suffer. If we act only for ourselves, to neglect the study of history is not prudent; if we are intrusted with the care of others, it is not just. Ignorance, when it is voluntary, is criminal ; and he may be properly charged with evil who refused to learn how he might prevent it.”

— Samuel Johnson (1709-1784) English Author and Journalist


"I have ever considered that the United States are indebted for their republican form of government solely to the firm and determined republicanism of George Washington at this time."

David Cobb (1748-1830) Physician, General & Congressman from Massachusetts




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Through God’s blessing, grace and assistance,


Washington made our Country and Lincoln saved our Country.








For our God and our Union ....


Who will be the Third Protector of our Liberties and Freedoms?

Will there be a Third Protector of our Liberties and Freedoms?

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No authority on earth supersedes God’s Word and Law.

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“No authority on earth supersedes God’s Word and Law.

HISTORICAL - FIRST PERIL - UNITED STATES  FIRST "GREAT STRUGGLE" FOR SURVIVAL

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