Was “The Original Intent”

Copyright © 2013 by Michael A. Shea - All Rights Reserved

 Whose Divine Hand Was behind the Establishment of the United States of America and our Founding Documents.

Terms

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"There are two ways to enslave a nation. One is by the sword. The other is by debt."

— John Adams (1797-1801) Second President of the United States and Patriot

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U. S. Debt Clock  - Link to Website










"The power to tax involves the power to destroy."

— John Marshall (1755-1835) House Member, Secretary of State  and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court


“The borrower is the slave of the lender.”

— Proverbs 22:7


“I place economy among the first and most important of virtues, and public debt as the greatest of dangers to be feared.” “To preserve our independence we must not let our leaders load us with perpetual debt. ….If we can prevent the government from wasting the labours of the people under the pretence of caring for them, we will be wise.”

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


“Allow a government to decline paying its debts and you overthrow all public morality--you unhinge all the principles that preserve the limits of free constitutions. Nothing can more affect national prosperity than a constant and systematic attention to extinguish the present debt and to avoid as much as possibly the incurring of any new debt.”

— Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804) Lawyer, Secretary of the Treasury & Secretary of State


“As a very important source of strength and security, cherish public credit. One method of preserving it is to use it as sparingly as possible, avoiding occasions of expense by cultivating peace, but remembering, also, that timely disbursements to prepare for danger frequently prevent much greater disbursements to repel it; avoiding likewise the accumulation of debt, not only by shunning occasions of expense, but by vigorous exertions in time of peace to discharge the debts which unavoidable wars have occasioned, not ungenerously throwing upon posterity the burden which we ourselves ought to bear.”

— George Washington (1732-1799) Father of the Country, 1st President of the United States


"As parents, we can have no joy, knowing that this government is not sufficiently lasting to ensure any thing which we may bequeath to posterity: And by a plain method of argument, as we are running the next generation into debt, we ought to do the work of it, otherwise we use them meanly and pitifully. In order to discover the line of our duty rightly, we should take our children in our hand, and fix our station a few years farther into life; that eminence will present a prospect, which a few present fears and prejudices conceal from our sight."

— Thomas Paine (1736-1809) Patriot, Author & Pamphleteer


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In God We Trust: George Washington and the Spiritual Destiny of the United States of America, is a two-part book that documents numerous examples of God’s intercession in George Washington’s life, and in the history of the United States.

The first part of the book, George Washington, is a providential view of George Washington’s life. Citing Washington’s own words and the personal accounts of others, we look at God’s hand in the Revolutionary times. With many reference to primary sources, the book documents many of the miracles that led to the country’s eventual independence and subsequent Constitution. Could the United States of America have been founded without this Divine intercession?

In the second part of the book, The Spiritual Destiny of the United States of America, we explore examples of God’s Hand in American history through the Civil War. Some notable topics include Thomas Paine’s dream of the forth coming war, Dr. Benjamin Rush’s dream (which predicted Adams and Jefferson reuniting, and passing on the same day—July 4th on the fifty anniversaries of the signing of the Declaration of Impendence), and many prophetic aspects of the Liberty Bell. We look forward to the country’s future, and examine connections to George Washington.

Discover for yourself the reasons for the country’s founding, and God’s spiritual direction for this nation. If you allow yourself to look beyond established paradigms, this book WILL forever change the way you view American history.

 Publisher: Liberty Quest, 480 pages (Suggest ordering the second printing)

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“I go on the principle that a Public Debt is a Public curse and in a Republican Government a greater than in any other.”

—  James Madison (1751-1836) Father of the Constitution, 4th President of the United States


"Think what you do when you run in debt; you give to another power over your liberty."

— Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, Scientist, Inventor, Printer and Philosopher


"Blessed are the young, for they shall inherit the national debt."

— Herbert Hoover (1874-1964) 31st President of the United States


"The same prudence which in private life would forbid our paying our own money for unexplained projects, forbids it in the dispensation of the public moneys."

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


"People are tired of wasteful government programs and welfare chiselers, and they're angry about the constant spiral of taxes and government regulations, arrogant bureaucrats, and public officials who think all of mankind's problems can be solved by throwing the taxpayers' dollars at them."

— Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) 40th President of the United States


"No pecuniary consideration is more urgent, than the regular redemption and discharge of the public debt: on none can delay be more injurious, or an economy of time more valuable."

— George Washington (1732-1799) Father of the Country, 1st President of the United States


"It is incumbent on every generation to pay its own debts as it goes. A principle which if acted on would save one-half the wars of the world."

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


“If you would know the value of money; go, and try to borrow some! For, he that goes a borrowing, goes a sorrowing! and indeed, so does he that lends to such people, when he goes to get it in again!”

— Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, Scientist, Inventor, Printer and Philosopher


"To say that the United States should be answerable for twenty-five millions of dollars without knowing whether the ways and means can be provided, and without knowing whether those who are to succeed us will think with us on the subject, would be rash and unjustifiable. Sir, in my opinion, it would be hazarding the public faith in a manner contrary to every idea of prudence."

— James Madison (1751-1836) Father of the Constitution, 4th President of the United States


"But with respect to future debt; would it not be wise and just for that nation to declare in the constitution they are forming that neither the legislature, nor the nation itself can validly contract more debt, than they may pay within their own age, or within the term of 19 years."

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


“Let every man, every corporation, and especially let every village, town, and city, every county and State, get out of debt and keep out of debt. It is the debtor that is ruined by hard times.”

— Rutherford B. Hayes (1822–1893) Nineteenth President of the United Sates


“I am not among those who fear the people. They, and not the rich, are our dependence for continued freedom. And to preserve their independence, we must not let our rulers load us with perpetual debt. We must make our election between economy and liberty, or profusion [extravagance of expenditures] and servitude. If we run into such debts, as that we must be taxed in our meat and in our drink, in our necessaries and our comforts, in our labors and our amusements, for our callings and our creeds ...”

—  Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


"I regret, as much as any member, the unavoidable weight and duration of the burdens to be imposed; having never been a proselyte to the doctrine, that public debts are public benefits. I consider them, on the contrary, as evils which ought to be removed as fast as honor and justice will permit."

—  James Madison (1751-1836) Father of the Constitution, 4th President of the United States


"I wish it were possible to obtain a single amendment to our Constitution. 1 would be willing to depend on that alone for the reduction of the administration of our Government to the genuine principles of its Constitution; I mean an additional article, taking from the federal Government the power of borrowing."

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


"Our tax policy is engineered by people who view tax as a means of achieving changes in our social structure."

— Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) 40th President of the United States


"We could say they [government] spend like drunken sailors, but that would be unfair to drunken sailors, because the sailors are spending their own money."

— Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) 40th President of the United States


"For decades, we have piled deficit upon deficit, mortgaging our future and our children's future for the temporary convenience of the present. To continue this long trend is to guarantee tremendous social, cultural, political, and economic upheavals. You and I, as individuals, can, by borrowing, live beyond our means, but for only a limited period of time. Why, then, should we think that collectively, as a nation, we are not bound by that same limitation?"

— Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) 40th President of the United States


“That we are bound to defray the expenses of the war within our own time, and unauthorized to burthen posterity with them, I suppose to have been proved in my former letter. …There have existed nations, and civilized and learned nations, who have thought that a father had a right to sell his child as a slave, in perpetuity; that he could alienate his body and industry conjointly, and à fortiori (argument) his industry separately; and consume its fruits himself. …But we, this age, and in this country especially, are advanced beyond those notions of natural law. We acknowledge that our children are born free; that that freedom is the gift of nature, and not of him who begot them; that though under our care during infancy, and therefore of necessity, under a duly tempered authority, that care is confided to us to be exercised for the good of the child only; and his labors during youth are given as a retribution for the charges of infancy. …we shall all consider ourselves unauthorized to saddle posterity with our debts, and morally bound to pay them ourselves : and consequently within what may be deemed the period of a generation, or the life [expectancy] of the majority. We must raise, then, ourselves the money for this war, either by taxes within the year, or by loans ; and if by loans, we must repav them ourselves, proscribing forever the English practicv of perpetual funding; the ruinous consequences of which, putting right out of the question.”

—  Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


“Avoid occasions of expense …and avoid likewise the accumulation of debt not only by shunning occasions of expense but by vigorous exertions to discharge the debts, not throwing upon posterity the burden which we ourselves ought to bear.”

— George Washington (1732-1799) Father of the Country, 1st President of the United States


“And I sincerely believe, with you, that banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies; and that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity, under the name of funding, is but swindling futurity on a large scale.”

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


“There is no dignity quite so impressive, and no independence quite so important, as living within your means.”

— Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933) 30th President of the United States


“We don't have a trillion-dollar debt because we haven't taxed enough; we have a trillion-dollar debt because we spend too much.”

— Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) 40th President of the United States


"The multiplication of public offices, increase of expense beyond income, growth and entailment of a public debt, are indications soliciting the employment of the pruning knife."

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


"As parents, we can have no joy, knowing that this government is not sufficiently lasting to ensure any thing which we may bequeath to posterity: And by a plain method of argument, as we are running the next generation into debt, we ought to do the work of it, otherwise we use them meanly and pitifully. In order to discover the line of our duty rightly, we should take our children in our hand, and fix our station a few years farther into life; that eminence will present a prospect, which a few present fears and prejudices conceal from our sight."

— Thomas Paine (1736-1809) Patriot, Author & Pamphleteer


“With respect to future debts, would it not be wise and just for that nation to declare, in the constitution they are forming, that neither the legislature, nor the nation itself, can validly contract more debt than they may pay within their own age, or within the term of 19. years? And that all future contracts will be deemed void as to what shall remain unpaid at the end of 19. years from their date? This would put the lenders, and the borrowers also, on their guard. By reducing too the faculty of borrowing within it's natural limits, it would bridle the spirit of war, to which too free a course has been procured by the inattention of money-lenders to this law of nature, that succeeding generations are not responsible for the preceding.”

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


"He that goes a borrowing goes a sorrowing."

— Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, Scientist, Inventor, Printer and Philosopher


"The same prudence which in private life would forbid our paying our own money for unexplained projects, forbids it in the dispensation of the public moneys."

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


"That loans, in times of public danger, especially from foreign war, are found an indispensable resource, even to the wealthiest of them … And as, on the one hand, the necessity for borrowing, in particular emergencies, cannot be doubted, so, on the other, it is equally evident that, to be able to borrow upon good terms, it is essential that the credit of a nation should be well established.


For, when the credit of a country is in any degree questionable, it never fails to give on extravagant premium, in one shape or another, upon all the loans it has occasion to make. Nor does the evil end here; the same disadvantage must be sustained upon whatever is to be bought on terms of future payment. From this constant necessity of borrowing and buying dear, it is easy to conceive how immensely the expenses of a nation, in a course of time, will be augmented by an unsound state of the public credit.


To attempt to enumerate the complicated variety of mischiefs in the whole system of the social economy, which proceed from a neglect of the maxims that uphold public credit, and justify the solicitude manifested by the House on this point, would be an improper intrusion on their time and patience.


In so strong a light, nevertheless, do they appear to the Secretary, that, on their due observance, at the present critical juncture, materially depend, in his judgment, the individual and aggregate prosperity of the citizens of the United States; their relief from the embarrassments they now experience; their character as a people; the cause of good government."

— Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804) Lawyer, Secretary of the Treasury & Secretary of State


"Rather go to bed supperless than rise in debt.”

— Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, Scientist, Inventor, Printer and Philosopher


"It is a wise rule and should be fundamental in a government disposed to cherish its credit, and at the same time to restrain the use of it within the limits of its faculties, 'never to borrow a dollar without laying a tax in the same instant for paying the interest annually, and the principal within a given term; and to consider that tax as pledged to the creditors on the public faith.'"

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


“To contract new debts is not the way to pay old ones.”

— George Washington (1732-1799) Father of the Country, 1st President of the United States


“The mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately, by the grace of God.”

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.


"But with respect to future debt; would it not be wise and just for that nation to declare in the constitution they are forming that neither the legislature, nor the nation itself can validly contract more debt, than they may pay within their own age, or within the term of 19 years."

—  James Madison (1751-1836) Father of the Constitution, 4th President of the United States


"It is a wise rule and should be fundamental in a government disposed to cherish its credit, and at the same time to restrain the use of it within the limits of its faculties, never to borrow a dollar without laying a tax in the same instant for paying the interest annually, and the principal within a given term; and to consider that tax as pledged to the creditors on the public faith."

— Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence, 3rd President of the U. S.

"We must have no carelessness in our dealings with public property or the expenditure of public money. Such a condition is characteristic of undeveloped people, or of a decadent generation."

— Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933) 30th President of the United States


"As parents, we can have no joy, knowing that this government is not sufficiently lasting to ensure any thing which we may bequeath to posterity: And by a plain method of argument, as we are running the next generation into debt, we ought to do the work of it, otherwise we use them meanly and pitifully. In order to discover the line of our duty rightly, we should take our children in our hand, and fix our station a few years farther into life; that eminence will present a prospect, which a few present fears and prejudices conceal from our sight."

— Thomas Paine (1736-1809) Patriot, Author & Pamphleteer


“A government which lays taxes on the people not required by urgent public necessity and sound public policy is not a protector of liberty, but an instrument of tyranny.”

— Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933) 30th President of the United States


"Deficits, as I've often said, aren't caused by too little taxing, they're caused by too much spending. Presidents can't appropriate a dollar of tax payers money, only Congressmen can; and Congress is susceptible to all sorts of influences that have nothing to do with good government."

— Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) 40th President of the United States


“To compel a man to furnish contributions of money for the propagation of opinions which he disbelieves and abhors, is sinful and tyrannical."

— Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Third President of the United States


"These United States are confronted with an economic affliction of great proportions. We suffer from the longest and one of the worst sustained inflations in our national history. It distorts our economic decisions, penalizes thrift, and crushes the struggling young and the fixed-income elderly alike. It threatens to shatter the lives of millions of our people. But great as our tax burden is, it has not kept pace with public spending. For decades, we have piled deficit upon deficit, mortgaging our future and our children's future for the temporary convenience of the present. To continue this long trend is to guarantee tremendous social, cultural, political, and economic upheavals.  You and I, as individuals, can, by borrowing, live beyond our means, but for only a limited period of time. Why, then, should we think that collectively, as a nation, we are not bound by that same limitation?  We must act today in order to preserve tomorrow. And let there be no misunderstanding—we are going to begin to act, beginning today.  The economic ills we suffer have come upon us over several decades. They will not go away in days, weeks, or months, but they will go away. They will go away because we, as Americans, have the capacity now, as we have had in the past, to do whatever needs to be done to preserve this last and greatest bastion of freedom.  In this present crisis, government is not the solution to our problem."

— Ronald Reagan (1911-2004) 40th President of the United States


"And the LORD will make you abound in prosperity, in the fruit of your body, and in the fruit of your cattle, and in the fruit of your ground, within the land which the LORD swore to your fathers to give you. The LORD will open to you his good treasury the heavens, to give the rain of your land in its season and to bless all the work of your hands; and you shall lend to many nations, but you shall not borrow. And the LORD will make you the head, and not the tail; and you shall tend upward only, and not downward; if you obey the commandments of the LORD your God, which I command you this day, being careful to do them, and if you do not turn aside from any of the words which I command you this day."

— Deuteronomy 28: 13-15 RSV


Note: For his oath of office as president, Washington requested the Bible be opened to Deuteronomy 28:, upon which he placed his hand.


“And you shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants; [proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: KJV] it shall be a jubilee for you, when each of you shall return to his property [freedom from debt bondage] and each of you shall return to his family. A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be to you; in it you shall neither sow, nor reap what grows of itself, nor gather the grapes from the undressed vines. For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy to you; you shall eat what it yields out of the field. ‘In this year of jubilee each of you shall return to his property. ...You shall not wrong one another, but you shall fear your God; for I am the LORD your God. ‘Therefore you shall do my statutes, and keep my ordinances and perform them; so you will dwell in the land securely.’”

— Leviticus 25:10-13, 17-18 RSV

 

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Other Quotes on Debt

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"The difference between death and taxes is death doesn't get worse every time Congress meets." “Be thankful we're not getting all the government we're paying for.”

—  Will Rogers (1879-1935) American humorist


“The point to remember is that what the government gives it must first take away.”

—  John Strider Coleman (1897-1959) President, Burroughs Adding Machine Company


“The American Republic will endure until the day Congress discovers that it can bribe the public with the public's money.”

— Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) French Author


"Wars in old times were made to get slaves. The modern implement of imposing slavery is debt."

—  Ezra Pound (1885-1972) American poet


“A man in debt is so far a slave.”

—  Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882) Author, Poet and Philosopher


"Inflation is not caused by the actions of private citizens, but by the government: by an artificial expansion of the money supply required to support deficit spending. No private embezzlers or bank robbers in history have ever plundered people's savings on a scale comparable to the plunder perpetrated by the fiscal policies of statist governments."

— Ayn Rand (1905-1982) Russian born American Novelist and Philosopher (Alice Rosenbaum)


“Democracy is a form of government that cannot long survive, for as soon as the people learn that they have a voice in the fiscal policies of the government, they will move to vote for themselves all the money in the treasury, and bankrupt the nation.”

— Karl Marx (1818-1883) Father of Communism, atheist, humanist, political economist & sociologist

“We must not let our rulers load us with perpetual debt.”

QUOTES ON DEBT

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